Vermont State Vaccine Requirements
Posted Date: March 22, 2017
Quick Facts and Resources for Vermont Residents
Quick Fact: A person is exempt from immunizations if the person, or in the case of a minor the person’s parent or guardian, presents a Department of Health-supplied form, indicating that the person, parent or guardian has religious beliefs or philosophical convictions opposed to immunizations. This form shall be maintained by the child care facility or school as part of the student’s immunization record.
The person or parent/guardian “signing the exemption must also acknowledge the following” (1) “they have read and understood evidence‐based information regarding immunizations as provided by the Vermont Department of Health”, (2) “they understand that failure to complete the required vaccination schedule increases risk to the child and others of contracting or carrying a vaccine-preventable infectious disease”, and (3) “they understand that there are people with special health needs attending schools and child care facilities who are unable to be vaccinated or who are at heightened risk of contracting a vaccine‐preventable communicable disease and for whom such a disease could be life‐threatening.”
Medical exemptions are also allowed.
Other Resources: Many vaccination and exemption information links are date specific. If the links below have expired, click on the state's department of health, or immunization program link provided below, as they are likely to provide links to updated information. The General Information link leads to the overview page provided by the state at the time of this webpage's update and may also be helpful. Please email NVIC with broken link information.
K-12 School Information
Other State Resources
The information contained on NVIC's web pages is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be medical or legal advice. Those seeking medical or legal advice should obtain the services of a competent attorney, physician or qualified health care professional. Although NVIC continually updates our website, state laws and rules change frequently and consumers are ultimately responsible for verifying their state's vaccination and exemption laws and requirements.
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TITLE EIGHTEEN. HEALTH
PART 2. PUBLIC HEALTH REGULATIONS
CHAPTER 21. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
SUBCHAPTER 4. IMMUNIZATION
18 V.S.A. § 1121. Immunizations required prior to attending school and chld care facilities
(a) No person may enroll as a student in a Vermont school, regardless of whether the student has been enrolled in the school during a previous school year, unless the appropriate school official has received a record or certificate of immunization issued by a licensed health care practitioner or a health clinic that the person has received required immunizations appropriate to age as specified by the Vermont department of health.
(b) No person may enroll or retain a child in a child care facility, regardless of whether the child has been enrolled in the facility during a previous year, unless the facility has received a record or certificate of immunization issued by a licensed health care practitioner or a health clinic that the child has received required immunizations in the prior 12-month period appropriate to age as specified by the Vermont department of health.
18 V.S.A. § 1122. Exemptions
(a) A person may remain in school or in the child care facility without a required immunization:
(1) If the person, or in the case of a minor the person's parent or guardian presents a written statement from a licensed health care practitioner, health clinic, or nurse that the person is in the process of being immunized. The person may continue to attend school or the child care facility as long as the immunization process is being accomplished;
(2) If a health care practitioner, licensed to practice in Vermont, certifies in writing that a specific immunization is or may be detrimental to the person's health or is not appropriate;
(3) If the person, or in the case of a minor the person's parent or guardian states in writing that the person, parent, or guardian has religious beliefs or philosophical convictions opposed to immunization.
(b) The health department may provide by rule for further exemptions to immunization based upon sound medical practice.
The health department shall adopt rules for administering this subchapter. Such rules shall be developed in consultation with the department of education with respect to immunization requirements for Vermont schools, and in consultation with the department for children and families with respect to immunization requirements for child care facilities. Such rules shall establish which immunizations shall be required and the manner and frequency of their administration, and may provide for exemptions as authorized by this subchapter.
Vermont Department of Health Immunization Regulations