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Can Influenza be Prevented and Are There Treatment Options?


To decrease the risk of becoming infected with influenza or other viruses, it is important to avoid contact with people who are ill. Frequently washing hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rubs helps to reduce the risk of infection. Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue and properly disposing of it, as well as keeping surfaces at home, work and school clean can also help to prevent spread of influenza and other types of infections.1

Eating a well-balanced diet, reducing stress, staying properly hydrated and getting enough sleep, Vitamin D and exercise can help reduce the risk of becoming sick.2 3

When you are sick, it is important to stay away from others until they are well to limit your risk of becoming sick, too. The CDC recommends staying home for at least 24 hours after a fever is gone (without the use of medications to reduce fever) except for medical services or other necessary outings.4

Treatments for influenza may include options such as natural home remedies or physician prescribed medications.5 6 7 8 NVIC encourages all consumers to carefully research the potential risks and benefit of any treatment option being considered in order to make educated decisions.

IMPORTANT NOTE:NVIC encourages you to become fully informed about Influenza and the Influenza vaccine by reading all sections in the Table of Contents, which contain many links and resources such as the manufacturer product information inserts, and to speak with one or more trusted health care professionals before making a vaccination decision for yourself or your child. This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice.

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1 CDC. Personal NPIs: Everyday Preventive Actions Aug. 2, 2017.

2 Mercola.com. How to Prevent the Flu -- as Easy as 1, 2, 3... Dec. 9, 2009.

3 Urashima M, Segawa T et al. Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren Am J Clin Nutr May 2010; 91(5):1255-1260.

4 CDC. Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs) – At Home. Aug. 2, 2017.

5 WebMd. Home Remedies for Fast Flu Relief. Nov. 3, 2016.

6 Freeman D. 10 Home Remedies for Flu Symptoms. WebMd Mar. 9, 2016.

7 Malerba L. Homeopathy: A Time-Tested Treatment for the Flu. The Huffington Post May 25, 2011.

8 CDC. What You Should Know About Flu Antiviral Drugs. Jan. 5, 2017.

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