Text Size:

Is Rotavirus contagious?


rotavirus

Rotavirus is very contagious. The virus is primarily spread through the fecal-oral route and can be transmitted through person to person contact or through contact with items that are contaminated with infected feces. Transmission of the virus through contaminated food or water is not frequently seen.1 Anyone can become infected with rotavirus, but most cases occur in children ages three to 35 months old. Nearly all children will be infected by the age of five.2

The virus can be found in the stool up to 2 days prior to the onset of diarrhea and can still be present for up to ten days after the initial symptoms. Immunocompromised individuals may have the virus present in their stool for more than a month.3

According to the CDC, after one rotavirus infection, 38 percent of children will not have a second rotavirus infection, 77 percent will be protected against rotavirus diarrhea, and 87 percent will be protected against severe diarrhea. Any subsequent rotavirus infections will be less severe that the initial one.4

The virus can live for hours on hands and for days on hard surfaces. It is also very resistant to most disinfectants. In non-tropical climates such as the U.S., rotavirus infections occur more frequently during the fall and winter. Infections in tropical climates have a less seasonal pattern.5

IMPORTANT NOTE: NVIC encourages you to become fully informed about rotavirus and rotavirus vaccines by reading all sections in the Table of Contents, which contain many links and resources such as the manufacturer product information inserts, and to speak with one or more trusted health care professionals before making a vaccination decision for yourself or your child. This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice.

« Return to Vaccines & Diseases Table of Contents

References

1 Communication and Education Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Rotavirus  In: Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 2015; Pg. 313. Updated November 2020. Accessed Apr. 4, 2021.

2 Mayo Clinic. Rotavirus. In: Symptoms and causes. Mar. 12, 2019.

3 Communication and Education Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Rotavirus  In: Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 2015; Pg. 313. Updated November 2020. Accessed Apr. 4, 2021.

4 Communication and Education Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Rotavirus  In: Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 2015; Pg. 311-312. Updated November 2020. Accessed Apr. 4, 2021.

5 Communication and Education Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Rotavirus  In: Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 2015; Pg. 313. Updated November 2020. Accessed Apr. 4, 2021.


Make a Difference Support NVIC

NVIC is 100% funded by donations.
Please give.

Help educate families about preventing vaccine injury and death by donating to NVIC today.

Discover How You Can Take Action to Support Our Efforts

Support NVIC!


Connect with us!

  • Telegram
  • Gab
  • Parler
  • Minds
  • MeWe

Ask 8 Kiosk & Educational Marketplace

Ask 8 Questions

Visit our Ask 8 Kiosk to explore a variety of FREE educational materials, from posters and brochures to embeddable web graphics and other resources.

View FREE Downloads