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Timeline of U.S. Anthrax Vaccine

A study of anthrax vaccine involving goat-hair mill workers is published.

The Michigan Department of Public Health receives a license for anthrax vaccine. Most users work at federal biological weapons labs.

About 150,000 U.S. troops deployed for the Persian Gulf War get anthrax shots, the first widespread use of the vaccine.

Defense Secretary William Cohen orders the beginning of mandatory anthrax vaccination. More than 450 troops refuse to take it in following years.

BioPort Corp. is formed. The company buys the anthrax vaccine plant and license rights from Michigan.

A U.S. district judge rules the vaccine was not properly licensed for protection against inhaled anthrax and says troops can't be forced to take it until it's properly licensed.

The Pentagon begins the voluntary anthrax vaccination program. It appeals the ruling that made the vaccinations voluntary.

The Daily Press, Hampton Roads, Virginia

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