They include the legal right to exercise freedom of thought, speech, conscience and religious belief. 1 2
Protection of autonomy and bodily integrity includes the human right to exercise informed consent to medical risk taking. 3 4 5
What is informed consent?
Informed consent means you have the legal right to be fully and accurately informed about the benefits and risks of a medical intervention, including a pharmaceutical product, and are free to make a voluntary decision about whether to accept the risk for yourself or your minor child without being coerced or punished for the decision you make. 6 7
Informed consent has guided the ethical practice of medicine since the Doctor’s Trial at Nuremberg after World War II, where the informed consent principle was internationally acknowledged as a human right for individuals participating in scientific research. 8 9 Today, informed consent to medical risk taking also means you have the legal right to be fully and accurately informed by a doctor or medical facility about the benefits and risks of a lab test, surgical procedure, prescription drug or other medical intervention performed on you or your minor child and give your voluntary permission. 10 11
Why is informed consent to vaccine risk taking a human right?
Vaccines are biological products manufactured by pharmaceutical corporations. Like other pharmaceutical products, vaccines carry a risk of injury or death, which can be greater for some people than others, and often doctors cannot predict who will be harmed. 12 13
One-size-fits-all vaccine policies and laws, which force you to risk your health or your child’s health without your voluntary, informed consent and with the threat of punishment for declining a vaccine, violate human rights. 14 15
It is important to protect civil liberties, including the freedom to exercise voluntary, informed consent to medical risk taking. Without the legal right to protect autonomy and bodily integrity, without the legal right to freedom of thought, speech, conscience and religious belief, we are no longer free. 16 17
Within NVIC.org, learn more about vaccines, diseases and the human right to informed consent to medical risk taking.
Empower yourself today with well-referenced information that can help you make educated decisions about vaccination.
It’s your health. Your family. Your choice.SaveSaveSaveSave
1 National Archives. America’s Founding Documents: Declaration of Independence, Constitution, Bill of Rights. June 26, 2017.
2 The Free Dictionary. Definition of civil liberties.
3 Open Society Foundation – Armenia. Right to Bodily Integrity. Human Rights in Patient Care: A Practitioner Guide.
4 Cohen J, Ezer T. Human Rights in Patient Care: A Theoretical and Practical Framework. Health and Human Rights Journal 2013; 15(2).
5 The Free Dictionary. Substantive Due Process: Modern Analysis.
6 Nir E. Informed Consent. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2011 (Fall Edition).
7 HG.org. Understanding Informed Consent.
8 Annas GJ, Grodin MA. The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code. Oxford University Press 1992.
9 Grodin MA, Annas GJ. Legacies of Nuremberg – Medical Ethics and Human Rights. JAMA 1996; 276(20): 1682-1683.
10 U.S. Library of Medicine. Informed Consent – Adults. Medline Plus Oct. 29, 2015.
11 Nemours Children’s Health System. When You Need Consent for Treatment at Nemours. The Nemours Foundation 2017.
12 Institute of Medicine Committee to Review Adverse Effects of Vaccines. Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality: Evaluating Biological Mechanisms of Adverse Events (p. 57-102), Increased Susceptibility (p. 82). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press 2012.
13 HRSA. Vaccine Injury Compensation Program Data and Statistics.
14 Fisher BL. Blackmail and the Medical Vaccine Exemption. NVIC Newsletter May 18, 2015.
15 Nickel J. Human Rights. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Nov. 8, 2014.
16 Fisher BL. Vaccination: Defending Your Right to Know and Freedom to Choose. NVIC Newsletter Nov. 3, 2014.
17 Fisher BL. Defending the Religious Exemption to Vaccination. NVIC Newsletter June 28, 2016.
Leave a comment
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with an *